There are nine recent subspecies of tiger, three of which are extinct, one of which is nearly certain to become extinct in the near future, and five of which still occur. Their chronological range ran through Russia, Siberia, Iran, Afghanistan, India, China and south-east Asia, including the Indonesian islands. These are the ongoing subspecies, in descending order of wild population: Bengal tiger
The Bengal tiger or the Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is originate in parts of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. It lives in different habitats: grasslands, subtropical and tropical rainforests, scrub forests, wet and dry deciduous forests and mangroves. The Indian government's estimated populace figure for these tigers is between 3,100 and 4,500, some 3,000 of which are found in India alone. However, many Indian tiger conservationists uncertainty this number, seeing it as overly optimistic. The number of Bengal tigers in India may be less than 2,000, as most of the collected statistics are based on pugmark identification, which often gives a biased result.